Climate and Weather in Ecuador
Mar 20, 2013
Similar to many other countries in Latin America, the climate and weather in Ecuador is largely determined by where you are in the country.
Ecuador can essentially be broken down into four regions; the Andean Mountains, the Pacific coast, the Amazon Jungle and the Galapagos Islands.
To get a better idea of climates and weather in each of these regions, we need to break it down a bit more:
Climate in the Andes
This area of Ecuador is likely the most diverse and complex out of all the regions. There are two distinct seasons, wet and dry. The dry season begins in June and runs through until the beginning of October and the wet season from October to June. That being said, there is typically a mini dry season in December and January.
If you’re considering a visit to Ecuador’s Andean Mountain area, your best bet is to go during the dry season. However, even in the rainy season, it doesn’t necessarily rain all day. The day will usually begin with sunshine, and it’s only around lunchtime that the clouds will roll in and an intense tropical thunderstorm will crop up.
Similar to other countries with mountainous regions, the temperatures in the Andes are usually dubbed as “eternal spring”. Despite being at the equator, the high altitude of this region means cool-ish days – usually not getting warmer then 25 degrees Celsius – and drop as low as 7 degrees overnight.
Climate in the Amazon
Ecuador’s jungle climate is pretty much exactly the same year-round. Hot, humid and tropical. The constant humidity basically means that it can rain pretty much any time, with no specific warnings. That being said, the majority of heavy rains in the jungle occur during the Andes’ dry season – June to October, with the heaviest of rains coming in June, July and August.
If you choose to visit this area of Ecuador, rainy season or not, it never rains every single day, all day. In addition, it’s such a warm, tropical environment that the rain that does fall is warm and maybe even somewhat refreshing!
Climate on the Pacific Coast
Along Ecuador’s coast, you will mainly find hot and sticky weather. The northern area of the country experiences the least amount of rain from August to January. Along the southern coast, you’ll see the best weather from December to August. Typical to other coastal countries in Latin America, humidity is prevalent.
Climate on the Galapagos Islands
Interestingly, the Galapagos Islands experience climates a bit different from the mainland. This is predominantly driven by the ocean water currents. Typically, the weather is warm during the day and cools down a bit in the evening. The only two seasons on The Galapagos are wet and dry. The dry season runs from June to December, bringing in high winds. The wet season begins in December and runs to June. It’s definitely warmer during this time, but also rainy. Similar to other areas of the country though, the rain is never all day and the overall humidity is low.
By and large, Ecuador’s diverse weather makes it a very interesting country to live in or visit. If you get sick of the hot and humid coast, head inland a few hours and you’ll be in a much more temperate climate. It’s even said that in certain areas of Ecuador – mainly the Central Valley (where Quito is located) and in the Andean Mountains – you can experience all 4 seasons in one day! Not such a bad deal if you’re a fan of the seasons that most of North America experiences.